OHSAS 18001 Standard Development


OHSAS 18001 Standard Development 

OHSAS 18001 Standard Development is an assessment specification for Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. It was developed in response to the need for companies to meet their health and safety obligations in an efficient manner.

To compliment OHSAS 18001, BSI published OHSAS 18002, which explains the requirements of the specification and shows you how to work towards implementation and registration.

Together, this integrated package will provide your business with the practical means of registration:

  • Identify elements of your business that impact on health and safety and gain access to the relevant legislation
  • Produce objectives for improvement and a management program to achieve them, with regular reviews for continual improvement
  • BSI Management Systems will periodically assess the system and, if compliant, register your company or site to OHSAS 18001

The OHSAS 18001 Management System

The OHSAS 18001 Specification follows the Plan-Do-Check-Review cycle, with a concurrent emphasis on continual improvement. This model fits in neatly with the structure of other management system documents such as ISO 14001. This alignment of the management system documents helps in the facilitation of Integrated Management Systems.

The following steps help form the basic structure of the management system and link into the structure of OHSAS 18001.


During the planning stage you should:

  1. Ensure you have the commitment of top management.
  2. Define, with the authorisation of top management, the company’s occupational health and safety policy.
  3. Planning must be completed to establish a framework for identifying hazards, the assessment of risks and the implementation of necessary control measures.
  4. Legal obligations must be identified and understood, objectives set and a management programme for achieving them implemented. This entire process should be documented.

Implement your Health and Safety Management System

At this point you should:

  1. Establish roles and responsibilities.
  2. Develop procedures for the consultation and communication of OHS information to employees and other interested parties.
  3. Document your processes and develop a system of document and data control.
  4. Apply a system of operational control.
  5. Establish plans and procedures for emergencies.

Check your management system and take any necessary corrective action

You should aim to continually improve your management system by:

  1. Introducing performance, measuring and monitoring practices.
  2. Establishing and documenting responsibility and authority for accidents, incidents, non-conformities and corrective & preventative action.
  3. Establishing a procedure for records and records management.
  4. Auditing and assessing the performance of the management system.
  5. Performing management reviews of the system at identified and defined intervals.

Gain registration

Registration is a phased approach adding value and facilitating the development of the system. During registration your OHSAS 18001 management system will be reviewed.


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